Join Police Force: Educational, Exam, Physical Requirements

How to Join Police: Educational Qualifications, Exams, Physical Requirements for Police Bharti

How to Join Police

It seems fascinating to many of us to be a police officer, don that uniform and solve cases. The experience of serving your city/country is often compared to nothing else.

Would you like to know what it is like to wear a Police uniform or How to Join Police? Would you like to become a police officer in India as well? Here’s everything you need to know about becoming a Police officer- the process, eligibility, types, and other details.

It’s not just about passing an exam and understanding the law and order that makes one a police officer. There is much more to it than that, and it should be rooted in the school education system. A person must complete at least class 12 in order to become a member of the Indian Police Force. When you have passed your 10+2, you have opened your first door to becoming a police officer. Let’s look at the process in more detail.

All You Need to Know – How to Join Police in India

It is common for many people to aspire to join the Police force while aspiring to a specific position like Sub Inspector, DSP, or even Head Constable. Knowing the possible routes and how to reach them is vital before choosing this career path.

Police recruitment can be divided into two categories – how to join the Police after 12th grade and how to join the Police after graduation. Let’s go into more detail.

How to Become Police Officer – Types and Job Roles

Police Constable

The lowest rank in the Police Department is that of a Police Constable. As assigned by police superiors, the main duties include day-to-day responsibilities.

Police Head Constable

As a rank relatively higher than Constables (in practice), the Head Constable assists the sub Inspector and performs the duties of the Sub Inspector.

Assistant Sub Inspector ( ASI )

There is a difference between this rank and a Head Constable, but this rank is considered lower than that of a Sub-Inspector. ASIs often become SI(s) when promoted.

Sub-Inspector of Police ( SI )

The SI of Police is now authorized to file a charge sheet. Sub Inspectors are usually the first investigators in criminal cases, even though they are among the lower ranks.

Assistant Inspector of Police

The Assistant Inspector of Police has a higher rank than the Sub-Inspector. The officer at this rank takes responsibility for the police station in the absence of the main inspector.

Inspector of Police

An inspector is the officer in charge of a police station in a specific area/locality. The position of Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP), Assistant Commissioner is considered one of the top ranks within the police force. In order to apply for this post, candidates must appear for examinations by the Union Public Service Commission, UPSC.

A Superintendent of Police (SP) or Additional Superintendent of Police (ASP) is a police officer who is in charge of a larger area and usually is recruited from the UPSC.

Top Recruitment Exams to Take to Join Police

UPSC Civil Services Exam or UPSC CSE

Candidates seeking to join the Indian Police Service, IPS or becoming IPS officers must take the UPSC Civil Services Exam. Police officers who pass the exam usually hold top-ranking positions.

State Level Recruitment Exams or SPSC Exams

There is a Public Service Commission in every state. For recruitment to the police force, these commissions usually conduct various exams. The candidates who pass the papers are recruited for police positions within the respective state department. Staff Selection Commission’s GD Constable Exam: This is another prestigious exam and often thousands of people apply for it.


The UPSC also conducts the CAPF examination. The special forces of the country recruit candidates who pass this exam.

There are various stages involved in all of these recruitment exams. There are three stages to the application process: a preliminary exam, a mains exam, and an interview round. Before applying, it is important to check the official notifications for each recruitment, as selection criteria can vary.

After 12th Grade, How Can I Join The Police

Having completed your class 12 is the most basic academic qualification needed to become a police officer. Constables and Police Head Constables are often available to those who join the police after their 12th grade instead of pursuing an undergraduate course.

Name of the Post Eligibility Basic Recruitment Exam
Constable Passed Class 12 and must be at least 18 years of age and maximum 25 State conducted recruitment exam
Police Head Constable Passed Class 12 and must be at least 18 years of age and maximum 25 State conducted recruitment exam

Join Police After Graduation

After completing your graduation, you have more opportunities to join the police force. It is now possible to apply for various recruitment exams as well as aspire to higher levels of government.

Name of the Post Basic Recruitment Exam
DSP/Assistant Commissioner UPSC CSE (IPS)
Sub Inspector Staff Selection Commission or State Level Exam conducting body
Assistant Sub Inspector State Level Recruitment Exam/body or Staff Selection Commission

How to Become a Police Officer – Physical Standard Requirements

The process of becoming a police officer does not simply involve passing an exam. The Physical Standard Tests also require candidates to meet certain criteria. It is common for different ranks to check a person’s height, weight, and many other things. Here are the general physical requirements for police officers.

Height: Candidates identifying as male must have a height of 165 cm, for women, the requirement is 150 cm. Some height relaxation is also granted under various conditions. (T&C apply)

Chest: For male candidates, the minimum chest measurement must be 84 cm, while for women it must be 79 cm.

There are also some conditions for the eyesight. These must be checked in the recruitment notification for the particular position. Candidates must also perform physical activities such as running, rope climbing, and others, in addition to these requirements. Joining the police might seem easy, but becoming a police officer isn’t. Police officers in India require a lot of strength, endurance, and dedication.

Police Officer Salary

The average salary of a police officer in India is influenced by a number of factors, including designation, experience, and qualifications. In India, the starting salary for a police officer is usually around INR 3 – 3.5 LPA.

Below is a table discussing the average salary of a Police Officer based on experience gained,

Experience Gained Average Annual Salary (INR)
0 – 5 years 3 – 3.60 L
6 – 10 years 5.50 – 6.90 L
11 – 15 years 10.4 L
16 – 20 years 10.5 – 12.03 L
20 years & above 13 L & above

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